Types of Orthodox Churches
There are many different types of Orthodox churches, each with their own unique characteristics. For example, some are based on the Gregorian calendar, while others have no pews. These types vary in size and architecture. Listed below are a few of the main differences between these churches.
Why do Orthodox churches continue to use the Julian calendar instead of the Gregorian calendar? The reason varies depending on the church. In Russia, for example, the Orthodox Church is still following the Julian calendar. Other Orthodox churches, including Serbia, Macedonia, Georgia, and Ukraine, use the Gregorian calendar.
The Ecumenical Patriarch Meletios IV called an Inter-Orthodox Congress in order to decide if the Orthodox Church should adopt the New Calendar. The decision was ultimately made not to, but because it was seen as a step toward ecumenical relations with the Western world.
The calendar question has become a complex topic, involving astronomy, math, Church history, and canon law. It also involves issues of ecumenism, modernism, and traditionalism.
Orthodox churches have three levels of ground, the first of which contains the majority of the pews. These pews face a wooden structure with icons. The first tier is also where the general congregation stands. In the second tier, the priests and deacons stand. These members of the clergy wear the white liturgical garments.
The Orthodox Church adheres to the doctrine of the Trinity and teaches that the Trinity is one. It also teaches that God is the creator of all things, and that the Father has made us all in His image. The Trinity is the source of all faith and practice in the Orthodox Church.
The Orthodox Church has many services for worship. It offers prayers in cycles that commemorate various events in the life of Jesus Christ. It also has a rich hymnology.
In traditional Orthodox churches, there are no pews. Instead, people sit on benches in rows in the main space. This allows for a more uniform setting for worship. Pews have their origins in the Roman catholic church. But, since they were first introduced to English churches in the late 1200s, pews have been a source of difficulty for the faithful.
Many Orthodox Christians say that pews are not allowed in the Orthodox Church. Pews have negative consequences for spiritual health and the purity of the Church Life. They can also make the faithful feel inferior to Protestants and Roman Catholics.
Stacidia are benches and chairs that are placed in the nave of the Church. They are usually square and have a brocade covering on the outer edges that extends to the floor. Stacidia are also found on small monastery churches, where they provide standing space for monks performing liturgical duties. Traditionally, the Orthodox Church does not permit sitting during services, except during the reading of the Psalms and the priest’s sermon. Modern church buildings may have benches or kneelers in place of stacidia.
Stacidia are often found in Orthodox churches and represent the best of the sacred arts. Orthodox churches have been known for their innovative responses to canon requirements.
In the interior of the Orthodox church, there is an altar in the center of the nave. The altar is square in shape and is elevated off the floor. It represents Christ, the light of the world. The book of the Gospel is typically in a covered metal case and is placed on a folded cloth called the eiliton.
The design of an Orthodox church is a continuation of its Jewish roots. It emphasizes equality before God. Though it has been modified somewhat, the overall design remains traditional.