Monotheism – What is the First Recorded Faith to Worship Only One God?

what is the first recorded faith to worship only one god

Monotheism can be misleading, since many religions such as Christian, Judaic and Muslim all believe in one deity, yet each adheres to different forms of monotheism.

Monotheism refers to belief in one divine power that is all-knowing and all-powerful; this concept forms the foundation of Abrahamic religions.

Ancient Egyptians

Ancient Egyptians believed in gods as both masters of creation and protectors of order; as well as familiar friends that offered assistance and guidance. According to these beliefs, their gods had created order out of chaos, giving them one of the most breathtaking landscapes on Earth.

Ancient Egyptian religion was known as Ma’at and followed a set of practices designed to maintain balance, order, justice and harmony as essential aspects of its operation. Egyptians believed their actions could influence their afterlife with every action having an effect on it – souls being reunited at death so it was important that religious traditions be followed.

After death, Egyptians believed it was necessary to abide by the principles of Ma’at and keep in line with them so as to maintain the continuity of their journey after death. For this reason they placed so much emphasis on preserving their bodies through mummification or other rituals and uphold its principles as part of Ma’at. Their actions had an effect on the workings of the universe as they believed that any actions taken would alter its operation; so in order to receive the blessings they sought by honoring gods properly they needed to gain their blessings.

At one time or another during their lives, Egyptians would pray to various gods and goddesses as part of religious rituals in temples. Over time, however, their number fluctuated, as some became more prominent while others became less so. Over time they developed a system for grouping their deities into enneads – or councils of gods.

At first, gods were often depicted as humans or hybrid figures with human and animal traits combining aspects of both. This marked an interesting departure from standard anthropological models which suggest early gods may have originated as mother goddesses or the embodiments of aspects of nature.

Pharaohs were widely considered both man and god; they controlled nature, protected their people, launched wars and maintained national success. Pharaohs were associated with Horus and Amun; when a pharaoh died he or she passed into Osiris’ realm where they would subsequently reborn as part of his or her new kingdom.


Judaism is a monotheistic religion focusing on the laws and traditions of Jewish people worldwide. According to Judaism, God created everything around them including a special agreement or covenant between him/herself and Israel through prophets which rewards good deeds while punishing evil ones – this will likely come to fulfillment when Jesus arrives according to faith based beliefs. Additionally, this faith also holds that every individual has a soul that will ultimately be judged for their actions; there are currently 14 million Jews living worldwide living within communities known as synagogues led by spiritual leaders called rabbis; their symbol being Star of David.

Judaism stands out among religions by not emphasizing abstract cosmological concepts as much as other faiths do, although it does believe in multiple dimensions; it doesn’t emphasize them quite so heavily compared to other traditions due to the focus of Judaism on relationships between G-d and humanity as well as between humanity and nature.

There are various kinds of Judaism, but all adhere to certain core beliefs. They all accept the existence of one God in three forms – Father, Son and Holy Spirit. Prayer should be directed directly towards God while Christians commonly confess mortal sins through priests while confessing minor infractions directly.

Jewish beliefs include following the commandments and laws established by their rabbis. They must consume only kosher foods and observe the Sabbath rest day; additionally they should keep their home tidy without mixing meat with milk products.

Jews believe that when making grave errors, it is their duty to repent and make amends. Additionally, they must give back through charitable giving such as helping the poor and promoting peace. Furthermore, Jews wear yellow Star of David to identify themselves as Jews – this serves as a constant reminder that they belong to an ancient people with its own culture and history.


Christian beliefs center around Jesus and the scriptures that record his life and death. The religion combines aspects of ancient Judaism and Roman Imperial culture into one diverse religious tradition, comprising various branches with diverse beliefs but united by one core idea: God created all things, Christ is our savior and there is one God.

Christianity emerged following Rome’s destruction of Jerusalem and Temple in 70 CE, and was one of the first religions to reject polytheism, or worship of multiple gods. Christianity also saw Jesus as being God incarnate in human form – something unacceptable by Judaism. Furthermore, Christians emphasized God as being loving and forgiving compared to Jewish tradition which held God to be jealous and angry.

Religion emphasizes obedience to God’s commands. Furthermore, all individuals are born sinful and need salvation through Jesus’s sacrifice on their behalf. From the 3rd to 6th centuries CE Christians began developing doctrines and councils defining their beliefs; this shift toward ideas narrowed their concept of “truth” to relate more closely with Jesus’s participation in an eternal godhead.

As this shift towards ideas and away from polytheism became prevalent, two concepts came into being: orthodoxy and heresy. Orthodoxy was defined as “correct belief,” while heresy implied any part of Christianity that is false or misleading.

By the early 4th century CE, a number of Christian communities had arisen. Among these was Gnosticism – which believed it held secret knowledge about God and creation – along with an alternative belief system about crucifixion and resurrection that led to lively discussions over scripture interpretation, leading eventually to Protestant branches of Christianity.


Islam is the second-largest religion with more than 1.8 billion adherents worldwide, created in modern-day Saudi Arabia during the 7th century and thus one of the youngest major world religions. Islam is monotheistic religion that reveres Allah alone as its creator; thus Muslims believe He transcends creation and uncreated. Islam also rejects polytheism and idolatry while all divine prophets from Adam to Muhammad called people to worship Allah alone without partners or intermediaries.

Islamic creation beliefs mirror those of Christianity. Muslims believe that God created all that exists on Earth and in Heaven in six days, including mankind in his image with free will but imposing laws to be obeyed upon humans who stray away. Anyone breaking these rules would be considered nonbelievers or “kafirs.”

Muslims believe there is only one God, and all three Abrahamic faiths – Judaism, Christianity, and Islam – worship this same being. But Muslims contend that other religions have corrupted and distorted this belief by mixing in manmade ideas into their teachings of Him; consequently they consider their own religion the sole way back to Him and assurance of eternal life.

Sunnis and Shi’as both hold beliefs regarding Allah that differ significantly, yet share common traits. Both believe in an all-knowing god who knows every action taken by humans before they happen – both good and bad alike, which allows Him to know about everything about us before our final judgment is rendered.

The Quran is at the core of Islam and considered God’s divine word. Like other religious scripture, it contains much of what can be found in the Bible, but stands apart by being revealed solely to one human – Muhammad. Muslims believe its words possess power to transform human hearts, leading towards world peace and justice.

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