Is the Coptic Orthodox Church in Communion With Rome?

is the coptic orthodox church in communion with rome

If you are wondering is the Coptic orthodox church in communion with Rome, then you have come to the right place. This article will explore the Coptic Church, its Patriarchate of Alexandria, and its purgatory doctrine. The Coptic clergy, however, lives in poor conditions.

Coptic orthodox church in communion with rome

The Coptic Orthodox Church in communion with Rome was first established in the fifth century AD. Its early history is filled with controversy and persecution. Coptic Clergymen, who are Christians, were tortured and exiled by their Muslim and Christian brothers. Arabs also persecuted them. The Church was subsequently split from the rest of Christianity at the Council of Chalcedon in 451 AD.

The Eastern Christian Churches: A Brief Survey, 6th edition, published by the Pontifical Oriental Institute, is an excellent introduction to Eastern Orthodoxy. It is also available from the publications office of the United States Catholic Conference.

Seven sacraments

The Coptic Orthodox Church is in full communion with Rome. The Coptic Church is also a member of the Eastern Orthodox Church. These two churches share the same rites and doctrines, although they are not in full communion with the Catholic Church. During the Middle Ages, the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church shared communion in the state church of Rome. In 1054, the Eastern Orthodox Church sided with Nestorian sympathizers and non-Chalcedonian/Oriental Orthodox churches. The Eastern Orthodox Church today is also known as Orthodox Catholic Church.

The Coptic Orthodox Church practices the seven canonical sacraments. These rites include Baptism, Eucharist, Confession, Orders, Matrimony, and Unction of the sick. Baptism takes place shortly after birth, followed by Confirmation. Confession must be made on a regular basis with a personal priest.

Purgatory doctrine

The Coptic Orthodox Church rejects the notion of purgatory. This doctrine, which was first formulated in the 12th century by Roman Catholic theologians, is an attempt to explain the residual debt caused by sin prior to the Second Coming. This purgatory is supposed to make the dead clean before the Judgement Seat and satisfied before entering the Kingdom of Heaven. This theology is in opposition to the Orthodox doctrine of salvation, which is a process-oriented view. In addition, Orthodox theology does not believe in quantifiable sin or grace and does not consider any “satisfaction” for sin.

Unlike Catholic doctrine, the Orthodox Church has never quantified the length of time a soul spends in purgatory. By contrast, Catholic indulgences were precise, allowing people to earn quarantine (forty days), one year, or forty years in Purgatory. Catholic sources also describe the purgatory experience as material fire, a notion that contradicts Orthodox teaching.

Relationship with Holy See

The Coptic Orthodox Church and the Catholic Church are on the verge of achieving full rapprochement. At a recent meeting in Cairo, Egypt, Catholic and Coptic Orthodox Church representatives discussed a wide range of issues. The meeting was co-chaired by Cardinal Walter Kasper, President of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity, and His Eminence Amba Bishoy, Metropolitan of Damietta and Secretary of the Holy Synod of the Coptic Orthodox Church. The meeting was also attended by Catholic Bishops and representatives of Ancient Churches.

During the meeting, Pope Francis and the head of the Coptic Orthodox Church met. The two leaders took part in an ecumenical prayer service at the St. Peter and Paul’s church in Cairo, Egypt. Afterwards, they signed a Joint Declaration and agreed to cease re-baptizing converts.

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