The Orthodox Coptic Christians are the first church in Egypt and were established in the early fourth century. They have a central position in the teachings of the Orthodox Church, as they follow the doctrine of the incarnation. These Christians practice many traditions, such as fasting and sacraments.
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The church was founded
The Coptic Orthodox Church was founded in Alexandria, Egypt, during the first century. It is the largest Christian denomination in Egypt and the Middle East. Approximately 13 million people are members of the Coptic Orthodox Church worldwide.
In the early years of Christianity, Alexandria was a great center of learning and spirituality. The Catechetical School of Alexandria, founded by John Mark, played a key role in the formation of Christian doctrine. This school became the cornerstone of the Coptic teaching for four centuries.
The Catechetical School of Alexandria was an influential institution in the ancient world, and it played an important role in defending Christianity from Gnosticism. Over time, the school grew to become a highly-respected theological university, and it published thousands of books that covered all aspects of Christianity.
The doctrine of the incarnation occupies a central position in the teachings of the Orthodox Church
The Orthodox Church teaches that the incarnation of the Holy Trinity is not only a miracle in itself but also an opportunity to display our love for our Father in Heaven. This faith is reflected in the numerous small and big miracles performed by the Church every day. If you would like to know more about the Orthodox Church, visit the website of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America.
The Orthodox Church has a rich and unbroken history. The earliest Christian communities were founded in the eastern part of the old Roman Empire. Their motto was to be zealous and loyal to the one true God. They were fueled by the power of the Holy Spirit and the zeal of the Apostles. A slew of Ecumenical Councils were held in various eastern cities during the first eight centuries of the Church. These councils did not come up with a new doctrine but rather a reaffirmation of their beliefs.
Sacraments and fasting
The Coptic Orthodox Church is one of the largest Christian communities in the Middle East and has been growing rapidly in the past 30 years. It is based on the Bible and Apostolic doctrines. Today, it is comprised of about fifteen percent of the population. They believe that Jesus Christ was both divine and human, and that salvation is achieved through good works and works of merit.
Their liturgical services are elaborate and cover every aspect of human life. Coptic Christians also believe that saints intercede for their prayers. Although some confuse this with worshiping them, they view it as a devotional practice.
While there are many similarities between Coptic theology and Catholic theology, there are also a number of differences. For example, they do not believe in purgatory or magic.
Conditions for Coptic Christians in Egypt in recent decades
Coptic Christians in Egypt have been subjected to violence, exile, and structural marginalization due to their religious identity. They have also been targeted by Islamic extremists. Since the Middle East wars, conditions have worsened for the Coptic minority in Egypt.
Copts, who make up six to 10 percent of the population, face discrimination in everyday life. They are forced out of villages, and the Egyptian government has failed to provide security for the Christian community. During the Arab uprisings, Copts took to the streets demanding equal rights. However, no results were achieved. The Egyptian authorities continued to maintain a separation between Islam and Christianity.
In the 2011 Egyptian parliamentary elections, Islamist parties gained considerable power. However, the Coptic minority did not receive the results that it expected.
Attacks by Islamic extremists
The Coptic Christian community of Egypt has been targeted by Islamic extremists many times in the past few years. The rise of Islamic extremism in Egypt has led to a number of attacks against Christians and non-Muslims alike. In response to these attacks, security forces announced plans to protect the upcoming Christmas and New Year festivities.
Since the overthrow of former President Mohamed Morsi in 2013, Christian minorities have been targeted by anti-Muslim activists and violence. This has forced hundreds of Coptic Christians to flee the northern Sinai Peninsula.
One of the latest attacks came on Friday as a gunman attempted to storm a church on the outskirts of Cairo. Security sources said the gunman had an explosive device. Several people were killed in the attack.