Taking the Eastern Orthodox Church quizlet is a great way to find out more about the Orthodox Church. You’ll find out about the different sacraments, the Byzantine empire, and the Western schism.
During the Byzantine Empire, the Eastern Orthodox Church was the official religion of the empire. Its leaders were known as patriarchs and bishops, and services were held in Greek. Its doctrines were based on the apostolic succession, which meant that the church traced its lineage back to the apostles. During this period, the Eastern Orthodox Church also promoted the transfigured life, which emphasized the resurrection of the body and the soul.
The Byzantine Empire was the largest empire of medieval Europe, and it influenced many cultures. It blended Greek, Roman, and Christian influences. It was also influenced by Islamic and Persian cultures. The Byzantine Empire ended in 1453 C.E. When the Empire fell, the Eastern Orthodox church moved its headquarters to Moscow.
The Byzantine Empire reached its height under the rule of Justinian. The emperor had many public works projects, including the building of the Hagia Sophia. His rule had a big impact on the culture, religion, and law of the empire. It also led to the division of Christianity into two separate churches.
Nestorian Schism of the Syrian Church
Historically, the Nestorian Schism of the Syrian Church was a division in the Syrian Church. Its roots date back to the early fifth century. During the late fifth century, the schism occurred after a number of Syrians joined the Roman Church. In the following centuries, the schism had a devastating impact on the Syriac Church. In 1919, Nestorians petitioned the Paris peace conference to outline their nationalistic aspirations.
The Jacobite Syrian Church was divided by this schism. Almost all of the northern Christians sided with the Universal Syrian Orthodox Church, while the southern dioceses sided with the Wattessril Mor Dionysius’ group.
Many Syrians accepted Nestorius’ teachings. The teachings were also accepted by some Syrians in the Persian Empire, and by some of the Christians in Cyprus. The Malankara Church, on the other hand, did not adopt Nestorian faith. In fact, the Malankara Church may have been under Nestorian suzerainty. In 1599, however, Malankara Christians were drawn to the Roman Catholic Church.
During the late Middle Ages, the Catholic Church split into two branches. The Eastern Orthodox Church was headed by the patriarch, while the Western Church was led by the pope. The two churches also differed on a number of theological and liturgical matters.
The Great Schism was a tumultuous time in the history of the Christian Church. The East and West separated for political and doctrinal reasons. The Eastern Orthodox Church traced its lineage to a tradition of apostolic succession. The Western Church believes that the pope is the head of all Christians. This led to a schism between the two churches, which never healed.
The schism was formalized in 1054 when the patriarch of Constantinople closed the western style churches and excommunicated the pope. The two churches were then headed by other bishops. The Eastern Orthodox Church is considered the guardian of the revealed theology of Christianity and the doctrines of the Seven Ecumenical Councils.
The East-West Schism is also known as the Great Schism. It resulted from a long period of estrangement. The two churches had a common language, Greek, but were separated on religious and doctrinal grounds. The ecumenical councils did not recognize the pope as a legitimate authority on matters of faith and dogma.
Traditionally, the Eastern Orthodox Church has seven sacraments. It is believed that sacraments are instituted by Christ and are given by the Holy Spirit. They are meant to transmit God’s grace to His followers and confirm that they are in the presence of Christ.
The Eastern Orthodox Church also believes that the death and resurrection of Jesus were real historical events. This belief leads to the belief that veneration of saints assists in salvation for others. It also believes that all persons in heaven are saints. This belief is the foundation for Eastern Orthodox theology.
Sacraments have been used by Christians throughout the centuries. The first Christian sacrament was baptism, which is defined by Augustine as the visible sign of invisible grace. The sacramental act is administered by a duly ordained priest or other religious figure.
Another major sacrament is communion. Holy Communion is given to all members of the Church during the celebration of the Holy Week. The sacrificial bread becomes the body of Christ, and the sacrificial wine becomes the blood of Christ.